Abstract

Rapid prototyping of interactive textiles is still challenging, since manual skills, several processing steps, and expert knowledge are involved. We present Rapid Iron-On User Interfaces, a novel fabrication approach for empowering designers and makers to enhance fabrics with interactive functionalities. It builds on heat-activated adhesive materials consisting of smart textiles and printed electronics, which can be flexibly ironed onto the fabric to create custom interface functionality. To support rapid fabrication in a sketching-like fashion, we developed a handheld dispenser tool for directly applying continuous functional tapes of desired length as well as discrete patches. We introduce versatile compositions techniques that allow to create complex circuits, utilize commodity textile accessories and sketch custom-shaped I/O modules. We further contribute a comprehensive library of components for input, output, wiring and computing. Three example applications, results from technical experiments as well as expert interviews demonstrate the functionality, versatility and potential of this approach.

Related Publications


Rapid Iron-On User Interfaces: Hands-on Fabrication of Interactive Textile Prototypes
Konstantin Klamka, Raimund Dachselt, Jürgen Steimle
In Proceedings of the 2021 ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. CHI ’20, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. ACM, 2020.
Publisher Video Research Website
Demonstrating Rapid Iron-On User Interfaces: Hands-on Fabrication of Interactive Textile Prototypes
Konstantin Klamka, Raimund Dachselt, Jürgen Steimle
In Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems. CHI’20, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. ACM, 2020.
Publisher Research Website

Rapid Iron-On
User Interfaces:
Hands-on Fabrication of Interactive Textile Prototypes

Category Wearables and eTextiles
Project date 2020
Project URL imld.de/rio/
Collaborators Prof. Raimund Dachselt,
Prof. Jürgen Steimle
Video Watch on YouTube
Technologies
and Methods
Smart Textiles & Accessories Mechanical Engineering Ironing Rapid Prototyping 3D-Printing Arduino C Capactive & Resistive Sensing
Presentation at ACM CHI 2020
Received honorable mention award.
... Virtual CHI Fab Event (due to COVID-19)
See recorded talk on YouTube.
Further presentations
Invited Talk at ACM ISS '20.